MKP-1 modulates ubiquitination/phosphorylation of TLR signaling

Jaya Talreja, Christian Bauerfeld, Xiantao Wang, Markus Hafner, Yusen Liu, Lobelia Samavati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Ubiquitination and phosphorylation are reversible posttranslational protein modifications regulating physiological and pathological processes. MAPK phosphatase (MKP)-1 regulates innate and adaptive immunity. The multifaceted roles of MKP-1 were attributed to dephosphorylation of p38 and JNK MAPKs. We show that the lack of MKP-1 modulates the landscape of ubiquitin ligases and deubiquitinase enzymes (DUBs). MKP-12/2 showed an aberrant regulation of several DUBs and increased expression of proteins and genes involved in IL-1/TLR signaling upstream of MAPK, including IL-1R1, IRAK1, TRAF6, phosphorylated TAK1, and an increased K63 polyubiquitination on TRAF6. Increased K63 polyubiquitination on TRAF6 was associated with an enhanced phosphorylated form of A20. Among abundant DUBs, ubiquitin-specific protease-13 (USP13), which cleaves polyubiquitin-chains on client proteins, was substantially enhanced in murine MKP-1–deficient BMDMs. An inhibitor of USP13 decreased the K63 polyubiquitination on TRAF6, TAK1 phosphorylation, IL-1β, and TNF-α induction in response to LPS in BMDMs. Our data show for the first time that MKP-1 modulates the ligase activity of TRAF6 through modulation of specific DUBs.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202101137
JournalLife Science Alliance
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2021


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