MKP-1 negatively regulates LPS-mediated IL-1β production through p38 activation and HIF-1α expression

Harvinder Talwar, Christian Bauerfeld, Mohamad Bouhamdan, Pershang Farshi, Yusen Liu, Lobelia Samavati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that plays a major role in inflammatory diseases as well as cancer. The inflammatory response after Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 activation is tightly regulated through phosphorylation of MAP kinases, including p38 and JNK pathways. The activation of MAP kinases is negatively regulated by MAPK phosphatases (MKPs). MKP-1 preferentially dephosphorylates p38 and JNK. IL-1β is regulated through the activation of MAPK, including p38 as well as several transcription factors. The oxygen-sensitive transcription factor HIF-1α is a known transcription factor for several inflammatory cytokines including IL-1β and IL-6. Here, we report that MKP-1 regulates HIF-1α expression in response to LPS. MKP-1 deficient bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDMs) exhibited increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and higher HIF-1α expression. In contrast, the expression of all three isoforms of prolyl hydroxylases (PHDs), which are important in destabilizing HIF-1α through hydroxylation, were significantly decreased in MKP-1 deficient BMDMs. LPS challenge of MKP-1 deficient BMDMs led to a substantial increase in IL-1β production. An inhibitor of HIF-1α significantly decreased LPS mediated IL-1β production both at the transcript and protein levels. Similarly, inhibition of p38 MAP kinase reduced LPS mediated pro-IL-1β and HIF-1α protein levels as well as ROS production in MKP-1 deficient BMDMs. These findings demonstrate a regulatory function for MKP-1 in modulating IL-1β expression through p38 activation, ROS production and HIF-1α expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalCellular Signalling
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017


  • BMDMs
  • DUSPs
  • HIF-1 α
  • IL-1β
  • MKP-1
  • Macrophages
  • p38


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