Multicenter Analysis of Early Childhood Outcomes After Repair of Truncus Arteriosus

Collaborative Research in Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Investigators

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27 Scopus citations


Background: Literature describing morbidity and mortality after truncus arteriosus repair is predominated by single-center reports. We created and analyzed a multicenter dataset to identify risk factors for late mortality and right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery (RV-PA) conduit reintervention for this patient population. Methods: We retrospectively collected data on children who underwent repair of truncus arteriosus without concomitant arch obstruction at 15 centers between 2009 and 2016. Cox regression survival analysis was conducted to determine risk factors for late mortality, defined as death occurring after hospital discharge and greater than 30 days after operation. Probability of any RV-PA conduit reintervention was analyzed over time using Fine-Gray modeling. Results: We reviewed 216 patients with median follow-up of 2.9 years (range, 0.1 to 8.8). Operative mortality occurred in 15 patients (7%). Of the 201 survivors there were 14 (7%) late deaths. DiGeorge syndrome (hazard ratio [HR], 5.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.6 to 17.8) and need for postoperative tracheostomy (HR, 5.9; 95% CI, 1.8 to 19.4) were identified as independent risk factors for late mortality. At least one RV-PA conduit catheterization or surgical reintervention was performed in 109 patients (median time to reintervention, 23 months; range, 0.3 to 93). Risk factors for reintervention included use of pulmonary or aortic homografts versus Contegra (Medtronic, Inc, Minneapolis, MN) bovine jugular vein conduits (HR, 1.9; 95% CI, 1.2 to 3.1) and smaller conduit size (HR per mm/m2, 1.05; 95% CI, 1.03 to 1.08). Conclusions: In a multicenter dataset DiGeorge syndrome and need for tracheostomy postoperatively were found to be independent risk factors for late mortality after repair of truncus arteriosus, whereas risk of conduit reintervention was independently influenced by both initial conduit type and size.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-559
Number of pages7
JournalThe Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2019


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