Despite complete repair at an optimal time in the current era, almost all patients with tetralogy of Fallot will have residual anatomic and hemodynamic sequelae, which make ongoing surveillance of paramount importance. Echocardiography suffices surveillance matrix in most pre-operative cases unless there is a specific question about coronary artery anomaly or branch pulmonary arteries when cardiac catheterization or computed tomography scan can be extremely helpful. For long-term follow-up of repaired tetralogy of Fallot patients, several diagnostic/imaging monitoring modalities are available; however, no single modality is perfect in terms of obtaining all the necessary information. A multimodality approach is suggested for long-term surveillance where a diagnostic test is selected based on the clinical circumstances/questions raised and institutional preference/expertise.
- Tetralogy of Fallot
- magnetic resonance imaging