Natural History of Colonization with Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus Faecium

Marisa A. Montecalvc, Marilyn Chung, Margaret Carraher, Gary P. Wormser, Cheryl Gedris, Ken VanHorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

139 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine the incidence, duration, and genetic diversity of colonization with vancomycin-resis-tant Enterococcus faecium (VREF). SETTING: Oncology unit of a 650-bed university hospital. METHODS: Surveillance perianal swab cultures were performed on admission and weekly. The molecular relatedness of VREF isolates was determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and by the hybridization pattern of the van A resistance determinant.RESULTS: During 8 months of surveillance, the VREF colonization rate was 16.6 patients per 1,000 patient-hospital days, which was 10.6 times greater than the VREF infection rate. Eighty-six patients with VREF colonization were identified. Colonization persisted for at least 7 weeks in the majority of patients. Of 36 colonized patients discharged from the hospital and then readmitted, an average of 2% weeks later, 22 (61%) patients still were colonized with VREE Of the 14 patients who were VREF-negative at readmission, only three patients remained culture-negative throughout hospitalizations. PFGE demonstrated that colonization with the same VREF isolate may persist for at least 1 year, and patients may be colonized with more than one strain of VREF CONCLUSION: VREF colonization is at least 10-fold more prevalent than infection among oncology patients. Colonization often persists throughout lengthy hospitalizations and may continue for long periods following hospitalization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)680-685
Number of pages6
JournalInfection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Volume16
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1995

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