Near-surface localization and shape identification of a scatterer embedded in a halfplane using scalar waves

Chanseok Jeong, Seong Won Na, Loukas F. Kallivokas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

We discuss the inverse problem associated with the identification of the location and shape of a scatterer fully embedded in a homogeneous halfplane, using scant surficial measurements of its response to probing scalar waves. The typical applications arise in soils under shear (SH) waves (antiplane motion), or in acoustic fluids under pressure waves. Accordingly, we use measurements of either the Dirichlet-type (displacements), or of the Neumann-type (fluid velocities), to steer the localization and detection processes, targeting rigid and sound-hard objects, respectively. The computational approach for localizing single targets is based on partial-differential-equation-constrained optimization ideas, extending our recent work from the full-1 to the half-plane case. To improve on the ability of the optimizer to converge to the true shape and location we employ an amplitude-based misfit functional, and embed the inversion process within a frequency- and directionality-continuation scheme, which seem to alleviate solution multiplicity. We use the apparatus of total differentiation to resolve the target's evolving shape during inversion iterations over the shape parameters, à la.2,3 We report numerical results betraying algorithmic robustness for both the SH and acoustic cases, and for a variety of targets, ranging from circular and elliptical, to potato-, and kite-shaped scatterers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-308
Number of pages32
JournalJournal of Computational Acoustics
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Continuation schemes
  • Inverse scattering
  • PDE-constrained optimization
  • Shape detection

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