A method has been described to measure negative chemotaxis in the cellular slime molds directly and to purify the repellents. Conclusive evidence is given that negative chemotaxis exists in the cellular slime molds and that it occurs generally in Dictyostelium and Polysphondylium. Amoebae respond shortly after their exposure to repellents, which are secreted by vegetative and not by preaggregative cells. The amoebae are sensitive to repellents in both development stages and contain enzyme(s) to inactivate them. Cross reactions of different species indicate that there is more than one repellent, although it cannot be excluded that the variability in response depends on the balancing effect of attractants and repellents.