Neutron skin and signature of the N = 14 shell gap found from measured proton radii of 17−22N

S. Bagchi, R. Kanungo, W. Horiuchi, G. Hagen, T. D. Morris, S. R. Stroberg, T. Suzuki, F. Ameil, J. Atkinson, Y. Ayyad, D. Cortina-Gil, I. Dillmann, A. Estradé, A. Evdokimov, F. Farinon, H. Geissel, G. Guastalla, R. Janik, S. Kaur, R. KnöbelJ. Kurcewicz, Yu A. Litvinov, M. Marta, M. Mostazo, I. Mukha, C. Nociforo, H. J. Ong, S. Pietri, A. Prochazka, C. Scheidenberger, B. Sitar, P. Strmen, M. Takechi, J. Tanaka, Y. Tanaka, I. Tanihata, S. Terashima, J. Vargas, H. Weick, J. S. Winfield

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21 Scopus citations


A thick neutron skin emerges from the first determination of root mean square radii of the proton distributions for 17−22N from charge changing cross section measurements around 900A MeV at GSI. Neutron halo effects are signalled for 22N from an increase in the proton and matter radii. The radii suggest an unconventional shell gap at N = 14 arising from the attractive proton–neutron tensor interaction, in good agreement with shell model calculations. Ab initio, in-medium similarity re-normalization group, calculations with a state-of-the-art chiral nucleon–nucleon and three-nucleon interaction reproduce well the data approaching the neutron drip-line isotopes but are challenged in explaining the complete isotopic trend of the radii.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-256
Number of pages6
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
StatePublished - Mar 10 2019


  • Ab initio theory
  • Magic number
  • Neutron skin
  • Proton and matter radii
  • Radioactive beams
  • Shell model


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