New families of bivariate copulas via unit lomax distortion

Fadal Abdullah A. Aldhufairi, Ranadeera G.M. Samanthi, Jungsywan H. Sepanski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


This article studies a new family of bivariate copulas constructed using the unit-Lomax distortion derived from a transformation of the non-negative Lomax random variable into a variable whose support is the unit interval. Existing copulas play the role of the base copulas that are distorted into new families of copulas with additional parameters, allowing more flexibility and better fit to data. We present general forms for the new bivariate copula function and its conditional and density distributions. The properties of the new family of the unit-Lomax induced copulas, including the tail behaviors, limiting cases in parameters, Kendall’s tau, and concordance order, are investigated for cases when the base copulas are Archimedean, such as the Clayton, Gumbel, and Frank copulas. An empirical application of the proposed copula model is presented. The unit-Lomax distorted copula models outperform the base copulas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2020


  • Archimedean copula
  • Distortion
  • Kendall’s tau
  • Lomax distribution
  • Tail dependence


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