Noninvasive Echocardiographic Measures of Pulmonary Vascular Resistance in Children and Young Adults with Cardiomyopathy

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Abstract

Background: Patients with cardiomyopathy (CM) are at increased risk for pulmonary hypertension (PH). Data are lacking on the use of noninvasive PH measures by echocardiography in patients with CM. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between Doppler-derived echocardiographic indices and catheterization-based measurement of pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) in children and young adults with CM. Methods: Imaging studies were retrospectively reviewed from pediatric patients with CM who underwent both echocardiography and cardiac catheterization within a 72-hour period. The ratio of peak tricuspid regurgitation velocity to right ventricular outflow tract velocity-time integral, the S/D ratio, and right ventricular myocardial performance index were correlated with invasive PVR. Receiver operating characteristic curves were developed to determine cutoffs for detecting PVR ≥ 6 indexed Wood units, a value associated with higher heart transplantation risk. Results: Twenty-three patients with CM (median age, 11.7 years; range, 0.5–21 years) met the criteria for analysis, the majority (n = 17 [74%]) of whom had dilated CM. Linear regression showed significant correlations between echocardiography-based ratio of peak tricuspid regurgitation velocity to right ventricular outflow tract velocity-time integral, S/D ratio, and right ventricular myocardial performance index versus invasive PVR (r = 0.84, r = 0.72, and r = 0.72, respectively, P <.001). All echocardiographic measures showed high sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values to detect PVR ≥ 6 indexed Wood units, with ratio of peak tricuspid regurgitation velocity to right ventricular outflow tract velocity-time integral demonstrating the highest area under the curve (0.958; 95% CI, 0.866–1). Conclusions: Right-sided Doppler-derived echocardiographic indices correlate with PVR measured by cardiac catheterization in children and young adults with CM. These parameters may serve as useful adjuncts in serial assessment of right ventricular hemodynamics in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)807-815
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Volume31
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Doppler echocardiography
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Pulmonary vascular resistance

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