Observation and Spectroscopy of New Proton-Unbound Isotopes Ar 30 and Cl 29: An Interplay of Prompt Two-Proton and Sequential Decay

I. Mukha, L. V. Grigorenko, X. Xu, L. Acosta, E. Casarejos, A. A. Ciemny, W. Dominik, J. Duénas-Díaz, V. Dunin, J. M. Espino, A. Estradé, F. Farinon, A. Fomichev, H. Geissel, T. A. Golubkova, A. Gorshkov, Z. Janas, G. Kamiński, O. Kiselev, R. KnöbelS. Krupko, M. Kuich, Yu A. Litvinov, G. Marquinez-Durán, I. Martel, C. Mazzocchi, C. Nociforo, A. K. Ordúz, M. Pfützner, S. Pietri, M. Pomorski, A. Prochazka, S. Rymzhanova, A. M. Sánchez-Benítez, C. Scheidenberger, P. Sharov, H. Simon, B. Sitar, R. Slepnev, M. Stanoiu, P. Strmen, I. Szarka, M. Takechi, Y. K. Tanaka, H. Weick, M. Winkler, J. S. Winfield, M. V. Zhukov

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Abstract

Previously unknown isotopes Ar30 and Cl29 have been identified by measurement of the trajectories of their in-flight decay products S28+p+p and S28+p, respectively. The analysis of angular correlations of the fragments provided information on decay energies and the structure of the parent states. The ground states of Ar30 and Cl29 were found at 2.25-0.10+0.15 and 1.8±0.1 MeV above the two- and one-proton thresholds, respectively. The lowest states in Ar30 and Cl29 point to a violation of isobaric symmetry in the structure of these unbound nuclei. The two-proton decay has been identified in a transition region between simultaneous two-proton and sequential proton emissions from the Ar30 ground state, which is characterized by an interplay of three-body and two-body decay mechanisms. The first hint of a fine structure of the two-proton decay of Ar∗30(2+) has been obtained by detecting two decay branches into the ground and first-excited states of the S28 fragment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number202501
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume115
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 9 2015

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