On the date of construction of Lechaion, western harbor of ancient Corinth, Greece

S. Stiros, P. Pirazzoli, R. Rothaus, S. Papageorgiou, J. Laborel, M. Arnold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lechaion, the western harbor of ancient Corinth, was an artificial harbor excavated in a marshy area and connected to the open sea through a channel with revetment walls. It was probably the most important harbor of this type in antiquity, and one of the most important harbors in Greece for more than one millennium. Yet, the date of construction of this harbor is a matter of debate; 600 B.C., ca. 44 B.C., and A.D. 350 are the most probable dates. Geomorphological and biological investigations, in combination with AMS radiocarbon dating of exposed marine shells found in the walls of the channel leading to the inner basin of the harbor indicate that the channel was open to the sea before a seismic land uplift that probably occurred sometime in the fifth to third century B.C. These data indicate that the construction of the harbor began in ca. 600 B.C., the period of Corinthian expansion to the Ionian Sea and southern Italy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-263
Number of pages13
JournalGeoarchaeology - An International Journal
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1996
Externally publishedYes

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