Lechaion, the western harbor of ancient Corinth, was an artificial harbor excavated in a marshy area and connected to the open sea through a channel with revetment walls. It was probably the most important harbor of this type in antiquity, and one of the most important harbors in Greece for more than one millennium. Yet, the date of construction of this harbor is a matter of debate; 600 B.C., ca. 44 B.C., and A.D. 350 are the most probable dates. Geomorphological and biological investigations, in combination with AMS radiocarbon dating of exposed marine shells found in the walls of the channel leading to the inner basin of the harbor indicate that the channel was open to the sea before a seismic land uplift that probably occurred sometime in the fifth to third century B.C. These data indicate that the construction of the harbor began in ca. 600 B.C., the period of Corinthian expansion to the Ionian Sea and southern Italy.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Geoarchaeology - An International Journal|
|State||Published - Jun 1996|