Adolescence can be socially challenging. Online and offline social capital are indicators of investments in relationships that may ease this period of growth and influence future social and economic participation. (In this context, offline is a synonym for in-person or face-to-face). This research had three aims: 1) to systematically review literature related to the social capital of adolescents who are deaf or hard of hearing; 2) to measure online and offline social capital of adolescents who are deaf or hard of hearing; and 3) to determine if attending a disability-specific residential camp for adolescents who are deaf or hard of hearing influenced online or offline social capital. Twenty-nine adolescents who are deaf or hard of hearing completed an online quantitative survey one week before attending a four-day residential disability-specific camp and 17 of these adolescents completed the same survey approximately three months after the camp. Results indicated that adolescents reported: 1) similar online bridging social capital pre- and post-camp attendance with minimal reported change; 2) a decrease in online bonding social capital post-camp attendance; 3) mixed offline bridging social capital pre and post-camp attendance; and 4) an overall increase in offline bonding social capital post-camp attendance. Given the potential buffering effect of social capital, results highlight the need for additional research within this domain.
|Journal||The Volta Review|
|State||Published - Dec 2019|