Organizational context associated with time spent evaluating language and cognitive-communicative impairments in skilled nursing facilities: Survey results within an implementation science framework

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Abstract

Background: The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) was developed to merge research and practice in healthcare by accounting for the many elements that influence evidence-based treatment implementation. These include characteristics of the individuals involved, features of the treatment itself, and aspects of the organizational culture where the treatment is being provided. Aims: The purpose of this study was to apply the CFIR to a measurement of current practice patterns of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) working in the skilled nursing facility (SNF) environment. In an effort to inform future evidence-based practice implementation interventions, research questions addressed current practice patterns, clinician treatment use and preferences, and perceptions of the organizational context including leadership, resources, and other staff. Methods and procedures: Surveys were mailed to each SLP working in a SNF in the state of Michigan. Participants (N = 77, 19% response rate) completed a survey mapping on to CFIR components impacting evidence-based practice implementation. Quantitative descriptive and nonparametric correlational analyses were completed. Outcomes and results: Use of evidence-based treatments by SLPs in SNFs was highly variable. Negative correlations between treating speech and voice disorders and treating swallowing disorders (rs = -35, p < .01), evaluating language and cognitive-communicative disorders and treating swallowing disorders (rs = -30, p < .01), treating language and cognitive-communicative disorders and treating swallowing disorders (rs = -67, p < .01), and evaluating swallowing disorders and treating language and cognitive-communicative disorders (rs = -37, p < .01) were noted. A positive correlation between the SLPs' perception of organizational context and time spent evaluating language and other cognitive-communicative disorders (rs = .27, p < .05) was also present. Conclusions: Associative data suggest that the more an SLP in the SNF evaluates and treats swallowing disorders, the less he or she will evaluate speech, voice, language or other cognitive-communicative disorders. Further, SLPs in this sample spent more time evaluating language and cognitive-communicative impairments if they perceived their organizational context in a more positive way. The CFIR may guide treatment and implementation research to increase the uptake of evidence-based practices for SLPs working in the SNF setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Communication Disorders
Volume60
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Keywords

  • Evidence-based practice
  • Implementation science
  • Skilled nursing facilities
  • Speech and language treatment
  • Speech-language pathologists

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