Active and highly stable oxide-supported IrNiOx core-shell catalysts for electrochemical water splitting are presented. IrNix@IrOx nanoparticles supported on high-surface-area mesoporous antimony-doped tin oxide (IrNiOx/Meso-ATO) were synthesized from bimetallic IrNix precursor alloys (PA-IrNix/Meso-ATO) using electrochemical Ni leaching and concomitant Ir oxidation. Special emphasis was placed on Ni/NiO surface segregation under thermal treatment of the PA-IrNix/Meso-ATO as well as on the surface chemical state of the particle/oxide support interface. Combining a wide array of characterization methods, we uncovered the detrimental effect of segregated NiO phases on the water splitting activity of core-shell particles. The core-shell IrNiOx/Meso-ATO catalyst displayed high water-splitting activity and unprecedented stability in acidic electrolyte providing substantial progress in the development of PEM electrolyzer anode catalysts with drastically reduced Ir loading and significantly enhanced durability.
- Core-shell nanoparticles
- Oxide supports
- Oxygen evolution reaction
- Water splitting
- X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy