Pentavalent rotavirus vaccine in infants with surgical gastrointestinal disease

Eric J. McGrath, Ron Thomas, Christopher Duggan, Basim I. Asmar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Pentavalent rotavirus vaccine (RV5) has been shown to be welltolerated and efficacious in preventing rotavirus gastroenteritis in healthy infants. Safety and immunogenicity of RV5 in infants with surgical gastrointestinal disease have not been studied. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of RV5 in infants with a history of congenital or acquired intestinal disease requiring resection compared with healthy infants. Methods: Infants with intestinal resection were matched by gestational age and chronological age to healthy infants (controls). Dose 1 of RV5 was given at 10 to 12 weeks of chronological age. Doses 2 and 3 were given at intervals of 4 to 10 weeks, with all 3 doses given by 32 weeks. All infants were monitored for adverse events (AEs) by telephone calls, clinic visits, and parental written reports during the first 42 days after each dose and monthly thereafter by telephone for 12 months. Serum anti-rotavirus immunoglobulin A (IgA) titers were measured prevaccination and 2 weeks after dose 3. Results: A total of 5 infants with surgical gastrointestinal disease and 3 control subjects were enrolled. All participants (100%) mounted a 3-fold increase in serum anti-rotavirus IgA geometric mean titer postvaccination. RV5 administration to surgical infants was well tolerated with a majority of AEs being attributed to the underlying medical condition. Conclusions: Postvaccination serum anti-rotavirus IgA levels indicate that RV5 is immunogenic in infants with a history of bowel resection, despite varying lengths of residual bowel. RV5 was well tolerated with few vaccinerelated AEs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-48
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Volume59
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2014

Keywords

  • Bowel resection
  • Pediatric
  • Pentavalent rotavirus vaccine
  • Rotavirus
  • Short bowel syndrome

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