Phase I clinical trail of intravenous pegylated recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor

Yuan Kai Shi, Peng Liu, Sheng Yang, Xiao Hong Han, Xiao Hui He, Bin Ai, Yan Qin, B. Li, Ding Zhi Huang, Chang Gong Zhang, Yan Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) is effective in the prophylaxis and management of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia, but requires daily administration because of its short half-life. Pegylated rhG-CSF (PEG-rhG-CSF) is a long-acting reagent that permits less frequent injection. This study was to evaluate the safety and tolerance of PEG-rhG-CSF in Chinese patients, and to explore its efficacy of enhancing absolute neutrophil count (ANC) and CD34+ cell count in peripheral blood. METHODS: Naïve non-small lung cancer or breast cancer patients with normal bone marrow function were eligible for this open-labeled, dose-escalation trial. All patients received 2 cycles of chemotherapy of identical regimen. In cycle 1, rhG-CSF (150 microg/day) was administrated in case of febrile neutropenia or grade 4 neutropenia; in cycle 2, patients received a single injection of PEG-rhG-CSF (30 microg/kg, 60 microg/kg, 100 microg/kg, or 200 microg/kg) 48 h after administration of paclitaxel and carboplatin. RESULTS: All the 16 patients enrolled (4 in each dose group) were evaluable for safety and efficacy of PEG-rhG-CSF. Main adverse events related to PEG-rhG-CSF were musculoskeletal pain or arthralgia (13/16), fatigue (10/16), dizziness (2/16), and injection-site pain (1/16). All adverse events were mild to moderate, and most of them were reversible without treatment. PEG-rhG-CSF enhanced ANC in a dose-dependent manner to some extent, and PEG-rhG-CSF at 60 microg/kg or higher doses prevented chemotherapy-induced neutropenia with sustained effect; CD34+ cells in peripheral blood were also increased. CONCLUSIONS: PEG-rhG-CSF is well tolerated, with no serious adverse event in this trial. The recommended dose of PEG-rhG-CSF for phase II trial is 100 microg/kg because of its adequate efficacy and less adverse events than those of 200 microg/kg.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)495-500
Number of pages6
JournalAi zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
Volume25
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2006

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