Phototrophic picoplankton in Lakes Huron and Michigan: abundance, distribution, composition, and contribution to biomass and production

G. L. Fahnenstiel, H. J. Carrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abundances in the surface-mixed layer ranged from 10 000-220 000 cells.mL-1 with a seasonal maximum during the period of thermal stratification. During thermal stratification, maximum abundances were generally found within the metalimnion/hypolimnion at depths corresponding to the 0.6-6.0% isolumes. The picoplankton community was dominated by single phycoerythrin-containing (PE) Synechococcus (59%) with lesser amounts of chlorophyll fluorescing cells (21%), PE colonial Synechococcus-like cells (11%), other PE colonial Chroococcales (6%), and other cells (3%). Single PE Synechococcus was abundant throughout the year whereas chlorophyll-fluorescing and colonial cyanobacteria were more abundant during the periods of spring isothermal mixing and summer stratification, respectively. Picoplankton accounted for an average of 10% (range 0.5-50%) of phototrophic biomass. Phototrophic organisms that passed 1-, 3-, and 10-μm screens were responsible for an average of 17% (range 6-43%), 40% (21-65%), and 70% (52-90%) of primary production. Primary production by phototrophic picoplankton equalled production in the <1 μ size fraction. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-388
Number of pages10
JournalCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Phototrophic picoplankton in Lakes Huron and Michigan: abundance, distribution, composition, and contribution to biomass and production'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this