Physical Activity as a Predictor of Changes in Systolic Blood Pressure for African-American Adolescents Seeking Treatment for Obesity

Elizabeth K. Towner, Gaurav Kapur, April Idalski Carcone, J. Janisse, Deborah A. Ellis, Kai Lin Catherine Jen, Sylvie Naar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of the study was to examine changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and whether physical activity and obesity status predicted SBP change for African-American adolescents (n = 181) participating in a behavioral weight control trial. Methods: Data were collected at baseline, 7 months (end-of-treatment), and 9 months (2-month follow-up). Results: Nearly half of adolescents achieved clinically significant SBP reductions at 7 and 9 months. Significantly, fewer adolescents had elevated SBP at 7 and 9 months compared with baseline (both p < .001). Changes in percent overweight and moderate-to-vigorous activity predicted changes in SBP over time. Conclusions: Obesity reduction and increases in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity may predict short-term, clinically meaningful reductions in SBP for African American adolescents with obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)430-432
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume65
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2019

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Blood pressure
  • Health disparities
  • Obesity
  • Physical activity

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