Physician Personal Services Contract Enforceability: The Influence of the Thirteenth Amendment

Steven A. Fasko, Bernard J. Kerr, M. Raymond Alvarez, Andrew Westrum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We explore the influence of the Thirteenth Amendment to the US Constitution on the enforceability of personal services contracts for physicians. This influence extends from the ambiguous definition to the legal interpretation of personal services contracts. The courts have struggled with determining contracts to be a personal service and whether to grant injunctions for continued performance. The award or denial of damages due to a breach of contract is vested in these enforceability complications. Because of the Thirteenth Amendment's influence, courts and contracting parties will continue to struggle with physician personal services contract enforceability; although other points of view may exist. Possible solutions are offered for health care contract managers dealing with challenges attributable to physician personal services contracts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-38
Number of pages6
JournalHealth Care Manager
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018


  • Thirteenth Amendment
  • contract
  • damages
  • enforcement
  • personal services
  • physicians


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