Physisorption induced p-xylene gas-sensing performance of (C4H9NH3)2PbI4 layered perovskite

Meng Ya Zhu, Le Xi Zhang, Jing Yin, Jing Jing Chen, Li Jian Bie, Bradley D. Fahlman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


A novel organic-inorganic layered perovskite compound (C4H9NH3)2PbI4 has been synthesized through a simple and high-yield solution method. For the first time, this layered perovskite was used as a candidate material for gas sensors. Gas sensors based on (C4H9NH3)2PbI4 provided unique gas-sensing properties toward 1–800 ppm p-xylene (p-C8H10) at the working temperature of 140 °C, including fast response, quick response-recovery, good selectivity and repeatability. The as-prepared (C4H9NH3)2PbI4 gas sensor can detect as low as 1 ppm concentration of p-xylene with a response of 11.8 at 140 °C. In situ diffuse reflectance Fourier transform infrared (DRFTIR) measurement shows that the p-xylene sensing mechanism can be mainly attributed to physical adsorption, which is different from other common gas-sensing metal oxides that are based on adsorption-redox-desorption mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)659-664
Number of pages6
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019


  • (CHNH)PbI
  • Gas sensor
  • Layered perovskite
  • Organic-inorganic
  • Physisorption
  • p-Xylene


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