Lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens) population characteristics and migration patterns were evaluated in the Manistee River system, Michigan. Sturgeon (n = 102) were captured using gillnets, tagged and released in the system between 2001 and 2005. Biological data (weight, length, age, sex and spawning status) were collected to calculate length-weight relationships and relative condition factor (Kn), determine age structure, and estimate the annual spawning population size. Sturgeon were also implanted with radio and sonic transmitters, and migration patterns of 22 sturgeon were determined. The weight-length equation for sturgeon in the Manistee River system was log10 W = 3.17log10TL-5.52 and did not differ by sex. Kn equaled 0.72 and did not differ by sex or spawning status. Ages ranged from age 5 to age 54. Sexually mature male and female sturgeon were captured over the course of the study, and the size of the spawning population ranged from 21 to 66 spawners. Sturgeon migration movements up and down the Manistee River varied with date, water temperature, and discharge. The sturgeon appeared to use two different spawning sites in the Manistee River. The Manistee River system supports a remnant lake sturgeon population; the presence of a wide range of age classes and availability of a limited number of suitable spawning sites suggest continued recruitment to the population.