Objectives: To characterize the recommended posthospitalization follow-up by provider type and location after a pediatric critical illness due to respiratory failure. Working hypothesis: After pediatric critical illness due to respiratory failure, patients will not have a standard follow-up pattern with regard to provider type or follow-up location. Study design: A retrospective cohort study. Subject selection: Children, 18 years or younger, admitted to a quaternary care pediatric intensive care unit with respiratory failure between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2014. Methodology: For eligible patients, recommendations for posthospitalization follow-up including provider type (primary care and specialty care) and location (community care center vs. tertiary care center) were characterized from medical chart review. Recommendations were examined for all patients and two patient subgroups (patients who received extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and patients with tracheostomy). Results: Of 155 patients alive at hospital discharge, the median age was 2.1 (interquartile range, 0.7–10.6) years. Eighty percent of patients were instructed to follow-up with a primary care provider but only 52.9% with a pulmonologist. We found 10 unique follow-up patterns between provider location (community care center, tertiary care center, or both) and global provider type (primary care versus specialty care). Primary care follow-up was recommended more often at community locations (74.2%), whereas specialty care was more often recommended at tertiary care centers (68.6%). Conclusions: Our study findings demonstrate significant variability in the recommendations for follow-up by provider type and location after hospitalization for acute respiratory failure and highlight areas for improvement in follow-up care after pediatric critical illness.
- critical care outcomes
- outcome assessment (health care)/methods
- pediatric intensive care units