Postnatal respiratory compliance among premature ventilated neonates associated with variable timing and dosing of antenatal steroids

Sanjay Chawla, Jorge Lua, Girija Natarajan, Josef M.isael C. Cortez, Matthew Gelmini, Ronald Thomas, Ashok Sarnaik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Antenatal steroids (ANSs) improve the respiratory compliance of premature infants. Many premature neonates are born before the administration of a complete course of ANS.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the respiratory system compliance (Crs) of premature (≤ 32 weeks gestation), intubated neonates in relation to the dose, and timing of ANS administration.

STUDY DESIGN: Neonates (n = 61) were divided into four groups based on the dose and timing of ANS exposure: Group 1: no ANS; Group 2: partial course (one dose of betamethasone); Group 3: complete course (two doses of betamethasone administered within 2 weeks of delivery); and Group 4: remote course (two doses of betamethasone administered > 2 weeks before delivery). Crs was measured by single-breath occlusion technique.

RESULTS: Indexed respiratory compliance ± standard error of the mean (mL/cmH2O/kg) adjusted for gestational ages were 0.359 ± 0.074, 0.366 ± 0.080, 0.625 ± 0.038, and 0.505 ± 0.060 for Groups 1 to 4, respectively. The mean indexed Crs in complete ANS was significantly higher than that of no ANS (0.266 ± 0.085; p = 0.016) as well as partial ANS group (0.259 ± 0.086; p = 0.025).

CONCLUSIONS: Crs after birth was significantly higher among premature intubated neonates born to mothers who received a complete course of ANS within 2 weeks, compared with no ANS or a partial course of ANS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1073-1078
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Perinatology
Volume31
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

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