Although postoperative complete heart block is a relatively rare complication after cardiac surgery for congenital heart disease in the current era, it has significant repercussions if there is no recovery of atrioventricular conduction in the early postoperative period. Insertion of a permanent pacemaker in an infant, child or adolescent remains an important medical decision considering all potential adverse physical and physiological side effects commonly associated with device implant among these younger patients. In this review, the current incidence, morbidity and mortality of postoperative complete heart block is presented as well as contributing anatomical and perioperative risk factors along with potential therapies and long-term sequelae of this unwanted complication.
- Atrioventricular node
- Congenital heart disease
- Congenital heart surgery
- Pediatric cardiology
- Post operative complete heart block