Predicting rotation in fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair using finite element analysis

Ryan M. Sanford, Sean A. Crawford, Helen Genis, Matthew G. Doyle, Thomas L. Forbes, Cristina H. Amon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR) is a minimally invasive method of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair utilized in patients with complex vessel anatomies. Stent grafts (SG) used in this process contain fenestrations within the device that need to be aligned with the visceral arteries upon successful SG deployment. Proper alignment is crucial to maintain blood flow to these arteries and avoid surgical complications. During fenestrated SG deployment, rotation of the SG can occur during the unsheathing process. This leads to misalignment of the vessels, and the fenestrations and is associated with poor clinical outcomes. The aim of this study was to develop a computational model of the FEVAR process to predict SG rotation. Six patient-specific cases are presented and compared with surgical case data. Realistic material properties, frictional effects, deployment methods, and boundary conditions are included in the model. A mean simulation error of 2 deg (range 1-4 deg) was observed. This model was then used to conduct a parameter study of frictional properties to see if rotation could be minimized. This study showed that increasing or decreasing the coefficients of friction (COF) between the sheath and the vessel walls would decrease the amount of rotation observed. Our model accurately predicts the amount of SG rotation observed during FEVAR and can be used as a preoperative planning tool within the surgical workflow.

Original languageEnglish
Article number091004
JournalJournal of Biomechanical Engineering
Volume140
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

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