Prelude to Napoleon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Parma went from boom to bust, that is, through a period of intense French-inspired reforms under the administration of Du Tillot, prime minister to Duke Philip de Bourbon (1749–1771), followed by categorical rejection of the same reforms under his son and heir, Ferdinand. The duchies underwent a conservative restoration just as Enlightenment-inspired reforms were taking root in neighbouring regions, most notably in Lombardy and Tuscany. Future French administrators had to contend with this background, atypical for Northern Italy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWar, Culture and Society, 1750-1850
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages22
StatePublished - 2022

Publication series

NameWar, Culture and Society, 1750-1850
ISSN (Print)2634-6699
ISSN (Electronic)2634-6702


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