Prenatal alcohol exposure and miscarriage, stillbirth, preterm delivery, and sudden infant death syndrome

Beth A. Bailey, Robert J. Sokol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

108 Scopus citations

Abstract

In addition to fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with many other adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. Research suggests that alcohol use during pregnancy may increase the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, preterm delivery, and sudden infant death syndrome. This research has some inherent difficulties, such as the collection of accurate information about alcohol consumption during pregnancy and controlling for comorbid exposures and conditions. Consequently, attributing poor birth outcomes to prenatal alcohol exposure is a complicated and ongoing task, requiring continued attention to validated methodology and to identifying specific biological mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-91
Number of pages6
JournalAlcohol Research and Health
Volume34
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Animal studies
  • Childbirth
  • Human studies
  • Literature review
  • Miscarriage
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy outcomes
  • Prenatal alcohol exposure
  • Preterm delivery
  • Stillbirth
  • Sudden infant death syndrome

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