Prevention of Contrast-Induced Nephropathy in Vascular Surgery Patients

D. Kirk Lawlor, Louise Moist, Guy DeRose, Kenneth A. Harris, Marjorie B. Lovell, Stewart W. Kribs, James Elliot, Thomas L. Forbes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Presently, only hydration and N-acetylcysteine have been shown to be effective in decreasing the incidence of radiographic contrast-induced nephropathy. We investigated the role of N-acetylcysteine and various hydration protocols in vascular surgery patients undergoing angiography. A single-center, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in patients with stable, preexisting renal dysfunction undergoing elective, outpatient angiography. Patients were randomized to outpatient oral hydration and N-acetylcysteine, inpatient hydration plus N-acetylcysteine, or our standard therapy of inpatient intravenous hydration alone. Two of twenty-eight (7%) patients who received outpatient oral hydration and N-acetylcysteine developed contrast-induced nephropathy, while two of 25 (8%) who recieved inpatient hydration plus N-acetylcysteine developed contrast-induced nephropathy and two of 25 (8%) who received standard therapy of inpatient intravenous hydration alone developed contrast-induced nephropathy. There was no statistical difference in incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy between the groups. No statistically significant independent risk factors were identified among the patients who developed contrast-induced nephropathy. N-Acetylcysteine did not confer additional benefit to patients treated with inpatient intravenous hydration. Outpatient oral hydration plus N-acetylcysteine was as effective at preventing contrast-induced nephropathy as inpatient therapies and avoided costly hospital admission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-597
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Vascular Surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2007
Externally publishedYes


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