Prior Victimization, Region, and Neighborhood Effects on Fear of Crime in Mumbai, India

Mahesh K. Nalla, Joseph D. Johnson, Rebecca Hayes-Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Research in Western countries has found that prior victimization, region, and neighborhood effects, such as high population density, residential instability and low social cohesion as well as related characteristics such as litter, public drunkenness, and abandoned storefronts, are all significant predictors of fear of crime. The present study examined the extent to which these factors were associated with predicting fear of crime in one of the fastest growing economies in the world - India. Data from the International Crime Victimization Survey (ICVS), conducted under the auspices of the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Institute, suggest that, similar to findings from Western literature (with the exception of car theft and burglary), prior victimization is strongly related to fear of crime. However, contrary to findings from the Western literature, fear of crime appeared to be stronger among the middle classes than among the lower and higher classes. Moreover, limitations of the study and suggestions for future research are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-159
Number of pages19
JournalAsian Journal of Criminology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 2011


  • Crime in India
  • Fear of crime
  • International crime Victimization Survey (ICVS)
  • Perceived risk
  • Victimization


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