Processing of single-phase ceramic 123 YBaCu-oxide superconductor by hot pressing

R. K. Pandey, G. R. Gilbert, W. P. Kirk, P. S. Kobiela, A. Clearfield, P. J. Squattrito

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High-quality, single-phase, polycrystalline samples of high-temperature superconducting 123 YBaCu-oxide have been processed by hot pressing of specially prepared charge material at elevated temperatures. The samples are orthorhombic with unit cell dimensions a = 3.824(1) Å, b = 3.888(1) Å, and c = 11.679(2) Å. They exhibit: (i) densities up to 82% of the theoretical value; (2) a sharp phase transition between the normal and superconducting states at 91.6 K; (3) a reduced dependence on thermal cycling effects and on excitation currents in resistivity measurements; and (4) a reduction in surface deterioration due to water, air, and acid attack. The hot-pressed samples supported current densities at least two orders of magnitude greater than those found in cold-pressed samples measured under similar conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-52
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Superconductivity
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1988


  • YBaCuO
  • critical current density
  • electrical resistivity
  • hot pressing


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