Production of carbon monoxide during fire suppression using halon replacements

Joseph Z. Su, Andrew K. Kim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

During full-scale fire suppression tests, halon replacement agents (HFC-227ea and HCFC Blend A) were observed to produce an increased quantity of carbon monoxide (CO), in addition to the production of halogenated compounds. Agent-flame interaction resulted in the increased CO production in the fire tests. CO inhalation has been considered as an important cause of incapacitation in many fire incidents. Therefore, future risk assessment of potential exposure to toxic gases generated during fire suppression using halon replacements should include not only the toxic effect of halogenated compounds but also the toxic effect of CO and their combination.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFire Safety Science - Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium
PublisherInternational Association for Fire Safety Science
Pages327-336
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)0925223255, 9780925223258
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes
Event6th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science - Poitiers, France
Duration: Jul 5 1999Jul 9 1999

Publication series

NameFire Safety Science
ISSN (Print)1817-4299

Conference

Conference6th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science
Country/TerritoryFrance
CityPoitiers
Period07/5/9907/9/99

Keywords

  • Carbon monoxide
  • Fire suppression
  • Halon replacement
  • Toxic hazard

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