Prognostic utility of noninvasive estimates of pulmonary vascular compliance in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia

Sanjeev Aggarwal, Christina Shanti, Joseph Lelli, Girija Natarajan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate echocardiographic indices of pulmonary vascular resistance and right ventricular (RV) function in predicting death or ECMO in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Methods: In this single center study, early (< 48 h) echocardiograms of neonates with CDH (n = 47) were reviewed by a single reader for the ratio of tricuspid regurgitant velocity to velocity time integral at the pulmonary valve (TRV/VTIpv), TRV2/VTIpv, RV fractional area change (FAC) and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE). Receiver operating characteristic curves were generated for each parameter to obtain optimal cutoff values. Results: Infants who died or received ECMO (n = 30) had significantly higher TRV/VTIpv and TRV2/VTIpv, and lower VTIpv, RV FAC and TAPSE, compared to the 17 survivors without ECMO. For TRV2/VTIpv and TRV/VTI at cutoffs of 1.3 and 0.38 respectively, the sensitivities were 92.3 (95% CI 75–99.1%) and 96 (95% CI 80.4–99.9%), specificities were 78.6 (49.2–95.4%) and 71.4 (42–91.6%), positive predictive values were 89 (75–95.6%) and 86.2 (73.2–93.5%) and negative predictive values were 84.6 (58.5–95.5%) and 90.9 (58.7–98.6%). Conclusion: Early echocardiographic evidence of pulmonary hypertension and RV dysfunction predicts outcome in CDH. Further studies utilizing these indices to guide therapeutic decision-making are warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-444
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Diaphragmatic hernia
  • Echocardiogram
  • Pulmonary vascular compliance

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