Random interactions, isospin, and the ground states of odd-A and odd-odd nuclei

Mihai Horoi, Alexander Volya, Vladimir Zelevinsky

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Abstract

It was recently shown that the ground state quantum numbers of even-even nuclei have a high probability to be reproduced by an ensemble of random but rotationally invariant two-body interactions. In the present work we extend these investigations to odd-A and odd-odd nuclei, considering in particular the isospin effects. Studying the realistic shell model as well as the single-j model, we show that random interactions have a tendency to assign the lowest possible total angular momentum and isospin to the ground state. In the sd shell model this reproduces correctly the isospin but not the spin quantum numbers of actual odd-odd nuclei. An odd-even staggering effect in probability of various ground state quantum numbers is present for even-even and odd-odd nuclei, while it is smeared out for odd-A nuclei. The observed regularities suggest the underlying mechanism of bosonlike pairing of fermionic pairs in T = 0 and T = 1 states generated by the off-diagonal matrix elements of random interactions. The relation to the models of random spin interactions is briefly discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number024319
Pages (from-to)243191-2431911
Number of pages2188721
JournalPhysical Review C - Nuclear Physics
Volume66
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2002

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