Recognition and management of major vessel injury during laparoscopy

Samith Sandadi, Jay A. Johannigman, Virginia L. Wong, John Blebea, Michael D. Altose, William W. Hurd

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Laparoscopy is one of the most commonly performed procedures in the United States. Injury to a major retroperitoneal vessel occurs in 0.3% to 1.0% of procedures, most commonly during laparoscopic entry while placing the Veress needle or primary trocar. Fatal outcome can be related tomassive gas embolismor exsanguination. Recommended treatment for gas embolismcan range from supportive measures to external chest compression and insertion of a central line to withdraw gas from the right side of the heart. Recommended treatment of major vessel injury with massive hemorrhage consists of rapid laparotomy and control of hemorrhage using direct pressure until a surgeon experienced in vascular procedures arrives. When a major vessel injury occurs in a surgical facility distant from a medical center and without an available surgeon with vascular experience, based on the trauma literature, we recommend temporary control of blood loss using abdominal packing and closure (i.e., "damage control surgery") and judicious resuscitation (i.e., "damage control resuscitation") before transportation to a medical center.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)692-702
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010

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