Regional bone mass measurement from whole-body dual energy X-ray absorptiometry scan

Mouhanad Hammami, Michelle W.M. Koo, Winston W.K. Koo, Ronald T. Thomas, Dilara Rakhman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


There are no data on the relative accuracy and precision of regional bone mass measurement from wholebody dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans in small young subjects. Twelve domestic swine piglets (2550-17,660 g) were scanned on a single-beam and on a fan beam densitometer using each humerus and femur as the region of interest to determine the validity of five different scan modes: two infant whole body (IWB), two spine, and one rat whole body (RWB) scan mode in the determination of regional bone mass measurements. DXA bone mineral content (BMC) measurements from RWB and IWB fan beam and IWB single-beam scans were highly predictive of ash weight (adjusted r2 = 0.98, 0.94, 0.94, respectively). Correlation between left and right limbs was highly significant (p < 0.001 for all comparisons) for ash weight (r = 0.99) and for DXA measurements of BMC (r = 0.92-0.99), area (r = 0.92-0.99), and bone mineral density (r = 0.87-0.99) for all modes of DXA scan. Repeatability (as standard deviation of differences of repeated scans) varied with scan mode and DXA parameters and ranged from 1.5 to 7.6% and from 1.8 to 14.7% for intra- and interoperator, respectively. We conclude that regional DXA measurements from IWB and RWB scans can be assessed accurately and with adequate precision for clinical use in subjects with low bone mass comparable with infants and young children. The RWB scan is useful for research studies. However, appropriate training and documentation of precision errors is needed to minimize repeatability errors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-136
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Densitometry
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2001


  • Bone mass
  • Femur
  • Humerus
  • Pig
  • Spine


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