Relative user ratings of MMPI-2 computer-based test interpretations

John E. Williams, Nathan C. Weed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


There are eight commercially available computer-based test interpretations (CBTIs) for the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2), of which few have been empirically evaluated. Prospective users of these programs have little scientific data to guide choice of a program. This study compared ratings of these eight CBTIs. Test users were randomly assigned to rate either a single authentic CBTI report on one of their clients or a single CBTI report generated from a modal MMPI-2 profile for their clinical setting. In all, 257 authentic and modal CBTI reports were rated by 41 clinicians on 10 dimensions. Each of the authentic reports received substantially higher ratings than the modal reports, with ratings of perceived accuracy and opinion confirmation best differentiating between authentic and modal reports. Automated Assessment Associates' report received the highest overall ratings; reports published by Western Psychological Services, Pearson Assessments, and the Caldwell Report were also distinguished on one or more ratings dimensions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-329
Number of pages14
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2004


  • Barnum
  • CBTI
  • Computer
  • Interpretation
  • MMPI-2


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