Review of Total Flooding Gaseous Agents As Galon 1301 Substitutes

Joseph Z. Su, Andrew K. Kim, Jack R. Mawhinney

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


This paper provides a review of total flooding gaseous agents as Halon 1301 substitutes. Agents are compared, based on published data, in terms of their environmental impact, toxicity, fire suppression performance, and acid gas production from small-to full-scale tests. These data are also collected in tables. Acceptability of an agent by regulatory authority is mostly determined by agent toxicity. Based on the toxicity criteria set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), five commercial halocarbons (FC-218, FC-3-1-10, HFC-23, HFC-227ea, and HCFC Blend A) and three commer cial inert gases (IG-01, IG-55, and IG-541) are acceptable for total flooding in normally occupied spaces. They are less effective by weight or volume than Halon 1301, with additional limitations and weaknesses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-63
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Fire Protection Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Review of Total Flooding Gaseous Agents As Galon 1301 Substitutes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this