Role of epigenetics in stem cell proliferation and differentiation: Implications for treating neurodegenerative diseases

Bhairavi Srinageshwar, Panchanan Maiti, Gary L. Dunbar, Julien Rossignol

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

The main objectives of this review are to survey the current literature on the role of epigenetics in determining the fate of stem cells and to assess how this information can be used to enhance the treatment strategies for some neurodegenerative disorders, like Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease. Some of these epigenetic mechanisms include DNA methylation and histone modifications, which have a direct impact on the way that genes are expressed in stem cells and how they drive these cells into a mature lineage. Understanding how the stem cells are behaving and giving rise to mature cells can be used to inform researchers on effective ways to design stem cell-based treatments. In this review article, the way in which the basic understanding of how manipulating this process can be utilized to treat certain neurological diseases will be presented. Different genetic factors and their epigenetic changes during reprogramming of stem cells into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have significant potential for enhancing the efficacy of cell replacement therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number199
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2 2016

Keywords

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Epigenetics
  • Histone modifications
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs)
  • Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)
  • Neural stem cells (NSCs)
  • Neurodegenerative diseases
  • Stem cells

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Role of epigenetics in stem cell proliferation and differentiation: Implications for treating neurodegenerative diseases'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this