Sequestration mechanisms and anthropogenic inputs of rhenium in sediments from Eastern Canada lakes

Anthony Chappaz, Charles Gobeil, André Tessier

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26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The concentrations of Re, as well as those of several other geochemical variables, were measured in dated sediment cores and in porewater samples from four lacustrine basins in Eastern Canada: one, perennially oxic, located 40 km from Québec City and three, seasonally anoxic, located within 25 km of non-ferrous metal smelters. The drainage basins of these lakes are uninhabited and have not been affected by human activity or wildfires. All of the depth profiles of dissolved Re indicate: higher Re concentrations in the water overlying the sediment than in the porewater; diffusion of Re across the sediment-water interface; a progressive decrease in porewater Re concentrations to reach minimum values of ∼0.5 pM within a 10-cm sediment depth interval. Modeling of these Re porewater profiles with a one-dimensional transport-reaction equation indicates that Re is removed from porewater within this depth interval. Based on thermodynamic predictions of Re speciation and of saturation states and on comparison of these predictions with sulfide porewater profiles, we infer that Re is removed from porewater by precipitation of rheniite (ReS2(s)). The rate constant for the formation of ReS2(s) in sediments is estimated from the modeling exercise to be 0.51 ± 0.64 × 10-21 mol cm-3 s-1. Accumulation of sedimentary Re shows a strong authigenic component, as in anoxic marine sediments. Sharp increases in solid-phase Re during the last century are attributed to atmospheric deposition of anthropogenic Re deriving from coal burning and nearby smelter emissions. Crown

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6027-6036
Number of pages10
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume72
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2008

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