Serum prolactin in celiac disease

Gaurav Kapur, A. K. Patwari, Shashi Narayan, V. K. Anand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Serum prolactin levels (SPL) were estimated in patients with celiac disease (CD), diagnosed as per ESPGAN criteria, on unrestricted gluten containing diet (group 1), as well as those consuming a gluten-free diet (GFD) (group 2). Forty-one children with CD, with 20 cases in group 1 (mean age 5.67 ± 2.14, range 2.5-10.5 years) and 21 cases in group 2 (mean duration of follow-up 2 years, range 1-4 years, and 41 age- and sex-matched controls were studied. Hyperprolactinemia was defined as serum prolactin > 18 ng/ml in males and > 24 ng/ml in females. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopic biopsy was performed in both study groups for initial and follow-up evaluation. Hyperprolactinemia was detected in all the patients of group 1 and one patient of group 2 who had severe villous atrophy. The SPL in group 1 (mean 48.3 ± 17.4; range 20-90 ng/ml) and group 2 (mean 18.3 ± 6.9; range 10-39 ng/ml) was significantly higher compared with the controls (mean 9.3 ± 4.5; range 2.4-20 ng/ml;p < 0.001). Among the patients with CD, mean SPL in group 1 was significantly higher than in group 2 (p < 0.001). In group 1, there was a positive correlation between SPL and duration of symptoms (p = 0.006, r = 0.768) and age of diagnosis (p < 0.001, r = 0.842). A positive correlation also existed in group 2 between SPL and degree of villous atrophy (p < 0.001, r = 0.71) and lamina propria infiltrate (p < 0.001, r = 0.568). Our results suggest that SPL has a significant correlation with activity of CD. Therefore serum prolactin estimation may provide an additional marker of disease activity in CD and may be a more viable option economically.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-40
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Tropical Pediatrics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2004


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