Shame in Response to Affective Expression and Its Relation to Social Anhedonia and Schizotypy Traits

James Gerhart, Eric U. Russ, Sarah Alonzi, Michael Hoerger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Schizotypy is marked by negative symptoms including blunted affect, social isolation, and social anhedonia. Contemporary personality theory suggests that maladaptive shame regulation may disrupt interpersonal function across personality disorders. We hypothesized that "affect shame"- a conditioned response of shame evoked by openly expressing emotions would co-occur with interpersonal deficits in schizotypy. As hypothesized, affect shame was associated with interpersonal deficits (r = 0.17, p < 0.001), physical anhedonia (r = 0.13, p = 0.001), and social anhedonia (r = 0.17, p = 0.001). The observed findings were upheld in analyses controlling for demographic characteristics, depression symptom severity, and neuroticism and were maintained consistently across sensitivity analyses. Findings suggest that shame related to emotional expression is related to interpersonal deficits in schizotypy and have implications for our understanding of the etiology and treatment of this disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-60
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Volume210
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

Keywords

  • Affect expression
  • Anhedonia
  • Emotion regulation
  • Schizophrenia
  • Schizotypy
  • Shame

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