Short- and Long-Term Outcomes of Moderate and Late Preterm Infants

Girija Natarajan, Seetha Shankaran

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations


Late (34-36 weeks' gestational age) and moderate (32-336/7 weeks' gestational age) preterm infants constitute approximately 84% of all preterm infants. Over the past few decades, there is increasing recognition that this population is at risk for short- and long-term morbidities and adverse outcomes. This article is an overview of the common clinical problems encountered by the clinician during the neonatal period among infants born even a few weeks early. Recent literature highlighting the long-term neurodevelopmental and health risks of those born moderately or late preterm is also summarized and discussed. Further research on the efficacy and benefits of specific therapies in this population is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-317
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Perinatology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 20 2016


  • late preterm
  • moderate preterm
  • neurodevelopmental outcomes
  • outcomes


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