Short-term outcomes of combined neuraxial and general anaesthesia versus general anaesthesia alone for elective open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: retrospective population-based cohort study

Konrad Salata, Faraj W. Abdallah, Mohamad A. Hussain, Charles de Mestral, Elisa Greco, Badr Aljabri, Muhammad Mamdani, C. David Mazer, Thomas L. Forbes, Subodh Verma, Mohammed Al-Omran

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Use of neuraxial anaesthesia for open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is postulated to reduce mortality and morbidity. This study aimed to determine the 90-day outcomes after elective open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in patients receiving combined general and neuraxial anaesthesia vs general anaesthesia alone. Methods: A retrospective population-based cohort study was conducted from 2003 to 2016. All patients ≥40 yr old undergoing open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair were included. The propensity score was used to construct inverse probability of treatment weighted regression models to assess differences in 90-day outcomes. Results: A total of 10 447 elective open abdominal aortic aneurysm repairs were identified; 9003 (86%) patients received combined general and neuraxial anaesthesia and 1444 (14%) received general anaesthesia alone. Combined anaesthesia was associated with significantly lower hazards for all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR]=0.47; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.37–0.61) and major adverse cardiovascular events (HR=0.72; 95% CI, 0.60–0.86). Combined patients were at lower odds for acute kidney injury (odds ratio [OR]=0.66; 95% CI, 0.49–0.89), respiratory failure (OR=0.41; 95% CI, 0.36–0.47), and limb complications (OR=0.30; 95% CI, 0.25–0.37), with higher odds of being discharged home (OR=1.32; 95% CI, 1.15–1.51). Combined anaesthesia was also associated with significant mechanical ventilation and ICU and hospital length of stay benefits. Conclusions: Combined general and neuraxial anaesthesia in elective open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is associated with reduced 90-day mortality and morbidity. Neuraxial anaesthesia should be considered as a routine adjunct to general anaesthesia for elective open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)544-552
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Anaesthesia
Volume124
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • neuraxial anaesthesia
  • open aneurysm repair
  • population-based research
  • retrospective cohort

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