Simulated annealing study of the structure and reducibility in ceria clusters

H. Cordatos, D. Ford, R. J. Gorte

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The structure and reducibility of ceria clusters was investigated using simulated annealing and interionic potentials, given by Sayle and co-workers (Sayle, T. X. T.; Parker, S. C.; Catlow, C. R. A. Surf. Sci. 1994, 316, 329), which include terms for ionic and van der Waals interactions, overlap repulsions, and ion polarizability. For CenO2n, the lattice energies, pair-distribution functions, and angular-distribution functions were determined for the crystals at 0 K for n = 2-20 and n = 50. As expected, the lattice energy decreased with n. Only for the largest cluster was the fluorite structure clearly observed. This cluster also exhibited (111) surface facets, indicating that this is the most stable surface. The reducibility of the clusters was determined from the difference in lattice energies of CenO2n, and CenO2n-1, where charge neutrality was maintained by changing two Ce4+ ions to Ce3+. The energy required to reduce the cluster generally increased with increasing cluster size, but large fluctuations were also observed. These results generally agree with the experimental observations that reduction of ceria is structure sensitive and that larger crystals are more difficult to reduce.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18128-18132
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry
Issue number46
StatePublished - Nov 14 1996


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