Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) has been reported to occur after renal transplantation, and typically does so in the first few weeks post-transplant. We report on a 3-yr-old child who developed cold AIHA nearly 1 yr after an ABO identical, living donor renal transplant from his mother. Numerous transfusions, pulse steroids, repeat plasma exchange treatments, and IVIG were unsuccessful. Nearly 3 wk into his illness, tacrolimus was changed to cyclosporine, and then to sirolimus, and resulted in a prompt response. He currently has a normal renal function and a normal hemoglobin level on sirolimus monotherapy.
- Autoimmune hemolytic anemia
- Kidney transplantation