Sirt1 during childhood is associated with microvascular function later in life. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 318: H1371-H1378, 2020. First published April 24, 2020; doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00024.2020.-Microvascular dysfunction often precedes other age-related macrovascular conditions and predicts future cardiovascular risk. Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) has recently emerged as a protein that protects the vasculature and reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases. We tested the hypothesis that lower Sirt1 during childhood is associated with a reduced microvascular function during adulthood. Thirty-four adults (34 3 yr) from the Augusta Heart Study returned to participate in the present clinical observational study. Sirt1 was assessed in samples collected during both adulthood and participants' childhood (16 3 yr), and data were divided based on childhood Sirt1 concentrations: 3 ng/dL (LowCS; n 16) and 3 ng/dL (HighCS; n 18). MVF was evaluated in all of the adults using laser-Doppler flowmetry coupled with three vascular reactivity tests: 1) local thermal hyperemia (LTH), 2) post-occlusive reactive hyperemia (PORH), and 3) iontophoresis of acetylcholine (ACh). The hyperemic response to LTH was significantly (P 0.044) lower in the LowCS than in the HighCS group. Similarly, the LowCS also exhibited an ameliorated (P 0.045) response to the PORH test and lower (P 0.008) vasodilation in response to iontophoresis of ACh when compared with the HighCS. Positive relationships were identified between childhood Sirt1 and all MVF reactivity tests (r 0.367, P 0.004). Novel observations suggest that lower Sirt1 during childhood is associated with premature microvascular dysfunction in adulthood. These findings provide evidence that Sirt1 may play a critical role in microvascular function and have therapeutic potential for the prevention of age-Associated vascular dysfunction in humans.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|State||Published - Jun 2020|
- cardiovascular risk
- microvascular function