Statins reduce abdominal aortic aneurysm growth, rupture, and perioperative mortality: A systematic review and meta‐analysis

Konrad Salata, Muzammil Syed, Mohamad A. Hussain, Charles De Mestral, Elisa Greco, Muhammad Mamdani, Jack V. Tu, Thomas L. Forbes, Deepak L. Bhatt, Subodh Verma, Mohammed Al-Omran

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background-There are no recognized pharmacological treatments for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA), although statins are suggested to be beneficial. We sought to summarize the literature regarding the effects of statins on human AAA growth, rupture, and 30‐day mortality. Methods and Results-We conducted a systematic review and meta‐analysis of randomized and observational studies using the Cochrane CENTRAL database, MEDLINE, and EMBASE up to June 15, 2018. Review, abstraction, and quality assessment were conducted by 2 independent reviewers, and a third author resolved discrepancies. Pooled mean differences and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated using random effects models. Heterogeneity was quantified using the I2 statistic, and publication bias was assessed using funnel plots. Our search yielded 911 articles. One case‐control and 21 cohort studies involving 80 428 patients were included. The risk of bias was low to moderate. Statin use was associated with a mean AAA growth rate reduction of 0.82 mm/y (95% confidence interval 0.33, 1.32, P=0.001, I2=86%). Statins were also associated with a lower rupture risk (odds ratio 0.63, 95% confidence interval 0.51, 0.78, P<0.0001, I2=27%), and preoperative statin use was associated with a lower 30‐day mortality following elective AAA repair (odds ratio 0.55, 95% confidence interval 0.36, 0.83, P=0.005, I2=57%). Conclusions-Statin therapy may be associated with reduction in AAA progression, rupture, and lower rates of perioperative mortality following elective AAA repair. These data argue for widespread statin use in AAA patients. Clinical Trial Registration-URL: www.crd.york.ac.uk. Unique identifier: CRD42017056480.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere008657
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume7
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aneurysm
  • Meta-analysis
  • Rupture
  • Statin
  • Systematic review

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