Zirconium oxide gels were prepared by controlled hydrolysis and condensation of zirconium-n-propoxide in alcoholic solution. After completion of the gelation the aging and drying of the alcogel was observed in situ by Small and Wide Angle X-ray Scattering experiments at room temperature. The xerogels obtained have been annealed at different temperatures to crystallization. The structural changes were observed by using SAXS and WAXS. Structural models reproducing the experimental WAXS data have been simulated by the reverse Monte Carlo method. A comparison between zirconium oxide xerogels obtained under different thermal treatments was made and evidence was found that thermal treatment at higher temperatures and preparation conditions affect the atomic arrangement of these amorphous gels.