Structure of nanocrystalline MgFe2O4 from X-ray diffraction, Rietveld and atomic pair distribution function analysis

Milen Gateshki, Valeri Petkov, Swapan K. Pradhan, Tom Vogt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

The three-dimensional structure of nanocrystalline magnesium ferrite, MgFe2O4, prepared by ball milling, has been determined using synchrotron radiation powder diffraction and employing both Rietveld and atomic pair distribution function (PDF) analysis. The nanocrystalline ferrite exhibits a very limited structural coherence length and a high degree of structural disorder. Nevertheless, the nanoferrite possesses a very well defined local atomic ordering that may be described in terms of a spinel-type structure with Mg2+ and Fe3+ ions almost randomly distributed over its tetrahedral and octahedral sites. The new structural information helps explain the material's unusual magnetic properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)772-779
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Crystallography
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2005

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